The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known as the Panchasheel Treaty: Non-interference in others internal affairs and respect for each other’s territorial unity integrity and sovereignty (from Sanskrit panch: five, sheel: virtues), are a set of principles to govern relations between states.
Their first formal codification in treaty form was in an agreement between China and India in 28 April, 1954 at Peking — the “Agreement (with exchange of notes” on trade and intercourse between Tibet Autonomous Region of China and India. The Panchsheel was subsequently adopted in a number of resolutions and statements across the world including the preamble to the Constitution of China.
和平共处五项原则，即《班查希尔条约, Panchasheel Treaty》：不干涉别国内政，尊重彼此领土统一、完整和主权（梵文“Panch”：五，”Sheel”：美德”,是一套指导国家关系的原则。
1954年4月28日，中国和印度在北京签署了一项协定，即《中国西藏自治区和印度之间贸易和往来的“换文协定》，这是它们第一次以条约形式正式编纂。随后，世界各国通过了一系列决议和声明，包括《中国宪法》序言。(Translator: Aabha Shakya, Peking University)